Is the Indian edtech boom beginning to go bust?

Is the Indian edtech boom beginning to go bust?

As offline becomes the norm once again, industry experts weigh in on the way forward for edtechs.


Mumbai: The Indian edtech industry has witnessed a dream run in the past two years. The pandemic turned out to be a boon in disguise for the fledgling sector, which saw blockbuster growth with schools and educational institutes switching over to the online mode. This paved the way for the rise of numerous ed-tech startups, with the space attracting a slew of investors and funding, helping several of them script success stories.

However, now with the reopening of schools and offline institutes accompanied by an inflation-induced "funding winter," edtechs face an uncertain future. Questions are being raised about the effectiveness of online learning as consumers become more sceptical of the digital learning model and the additional costs it entails. Several established companies in the space, including Unacademy, Vedantu, Lido, and Byju's WhitehatJr., have had to resort to layoffs to avoid taking a big hit to their revenues or simply to stay afloat in the aftermath of the pandemic-driven edtech boom.

So is the edtech bubble in the country finally starting to burst? Let’s find out.

Customer acquisition- a major hurdle

In the post-pandemic scenario, student retention and customer acquisition have become more and more of a challenge for e-learning companies, according to industry experts. There is no denying that, currently, all the firms in this sector are facing huge problems in acquiring fresh customers and retaining their existing ones, says Optiminastic Media head of business development and partnerships Aditya Pandey. "After offline centres and schools have been resumed, the registration count of new customers has lowered by a significant degree. Despite big funding and marketing promotions, edtech firms are still struggling to convince parents to adapt to the new services these firms have to offer."

Over 4,450 edtech startups were launched between 2014 and 2019, of which nearly 25 per cent have been shut down while the rest have been acquired by the big players in the sector, according to Pandey.

Cutting down on adspends

To curb the challenge of customer acquisition, edtech firms—which were one of the largest spenders on advertising during prime television properties such as IPL last year—have drastically dropped their ad spends on all platforms. According to experts, the cost of acquiring a single customer and converting that customer during the sales cycle has become too high for many edtech startups, and this is the primary reason why they have significantly reduced their ad spend.

Be it digital, TV, or print, these startups are not spending as they used to during the pandemic, notes Pandey, adding that the prime reason for taking this step is to reduce the cost of customer acquisition, which was very high during the pandemic.

"Compared to traditional institutes that spend 10 per cent of their total revenue, the edtech firms were spending more than 25 per cent on advertisements and promotions. In the post-pandemic period and due to some negative reviews by the customers, there was a big drop in the revenue, which forced them to reduce their current ad spending," he continues. Instead, these edtech firms are revamping their pricing and working to regain the trust of the lost customers by adding value to their products and services, he adds.

Taking the Hybrid road

Many edtech companies are looking to launch physical centres as they prepare themselves for a new battle in the new normal as competition heats up in the offline space. In May this year, SoftBank-backed edtech unicorn Unacademy announced a plan to set up offline tuition centres.

Edtech major, Byju’s is also pivoting to a hybrid model as the next stage. Since February, the conglomerate has opened 100 Byju’s tuition centres nationwide that combine both in-classroom learning and online tuition. It expects to roll out 400 more this year.

Both online and offline education have their own set of advantages, where online education provides an excellent option for students who are unable to enroll in traditional classes due to financial constraints or other factors, says PhysicsWallah chief strategy officer Abhishek Mishra.

We have seen the rise of e-learning as a result of advanced technology in recent years, but have never intended to replace the entire nature of traditional education with online learning, he says, adding that the company aims to provide quality education at affordable prices through both online classes and offline centres.

CivilsDaily founder Sajal Singh agrees that both modes have their advantages and disadvantages. "Just as offline teaching cannot hide the dynamic benefits of online learning, it is undeniable that online coaching cannot replace traditional teaching methods."

Most edtech companies are adapting hybrid models, and I believe this will be the accepted way forward, says media tech startup FC Play CEO Arti Gudal. "As corporates, we believe the physical mode will always remain predominant with the online edtech companies complementing it, hence the hybrid model can and will work better for edTech."Customer acquisition does not have to be through a single mode, it can be managed offline and online, she adds.

The roadmap ahead

Education is a long-term investment with lifelong returns, and people don't want to compromise on their educational aspirations, believes Athena Education co-founder Poshak Agrawal. "Against expectations, we have seen a sharp increase in student queries for applications to elite universities in the last two years, and we think these aspirations are here to stay," he adds.

While the pandemic definitely accelerated the integration of technology into education and gave a boost to the adoption of educational technologies across all socioeconomic strata, now that parents and students have experienced the conveniences of online learning, there may be no going back, believes BrightCHAMPS founder and CEO Ravi Bhushan.

Consumer acquisition is no longer the daunting challenge that it once was, he asserts. "The convenience of learning from anywhere and anytime in the world; greater control over their learning journeys through personalisation; global exposure and learning from a faculty that comprises subject matter experts from around the world at affordable price points; savings in terms of time and money; and the safety that comes with learning from your own home—an increasing number of parents and students are now opting for online classes."

In a service like ours, word-of-mouth is the best marketing strategy, Bhushan continues, adding that controlling customer acquisition spending is what has allowed the startup to maintain a long runway and safeguard them at such a time.

The challenge for edtechs going forward, and possibly the only way forward, is to ensure customer stickiness and achieve sustainable growth while avoiding making misleading claims and unsustainable promises in their advertisements and marketing promotions.